Lean and Hungry Look

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Interesting article from the Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society on Adlai Stevenson and the role television played in the 1956 presidential election.

Speeches were Adlai Ewing Stevenson II’s greatest strength, but they were also his greatest weakness. During the 1950s, when the televised image assumed an increasingly important role in winning and losing elections, Stevenson failed to transcend the image of a speaker. Although eloquent to be sure, he seemed abstracted and detached—an observer rather than a leader. In his 1952 presidential campaign, that image—together with speeches filled with reason, wit, and grace—won the plaudits of many intellectuals. On the other hand, his speeches often confused or bored many other Americans.

Stevenson’s opponent, Dwight David Eisenhower, more practically strove for communication, rather than eloquence. Where Stevenson appeared to make a fetish of reason, Eisenhower recognized that effective communication depended more on stimulating a sense of shared emotion. His highly effective spot advertisements on television identified with the needs and yearnings of ordinary voters.

Eisenhower’s victory, due in part to a sophisticated use of television, taught many Democrats that political success in the future would depend on mastering the arcane techniques of the new medium.

Read more …

(Source: idaillinois.org)

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the Citadel of Qaitbay is considered one of the most important defensive strongholds. It was built in 1477 CE by Sultan Al-Ashraf Sayf al-Din Qa’it Bay (hence the name). It protected Egypt well first under the Mamelukes and then the Ottomans. Unfortunately, as the Ottomans weakened the Citadel did too. In 1798 the French Expedition easily took the fort. Inside, they discovered ome crusader weapons, which dated back to the campaign of Louis IX around 1250! Today, the fort has been restored and is now a maritime museum.

(Source: Wikipedia)